Security and Development

In line with current events and the concerns of Sahel actors, FERDI's work analyses the sources and risks of conflict.



  • Identifying the sources of conflict. FERDI's work measures the frequency of violent events, and seeks to identify the factors that determine them. In 2019, FERDI created an Internal Violence Index (IVI). The IVI aims to compare the level of internal violence for 130 developing countries. It is a composite indicator of 9 variables grouped into 4 dimensions - internal conflict, crime, terrorism, and political violence.
  • Identifying risks and preventing conflicts. A conflict risk indicator was developed during 2019 and finalized in 2020 by FERDI (Sosso Feidounou and Laurent Wagner) in collaboration with the Foundation Prospective & Innovation. This indicator is accompanied by an analysis of conflict factors and means of prevention.  Feindouno S., Wagner L. (2020). The determinants of internal conflict in the world: How to estimate the risks and better target prevention efforts? Ferdi, Fondation Prospective et Innovation (FPI), September 2020, 102 p. 

FERDI is developing an IT programme concerning IDPs in the Central African Republic for the World Bank. Sosso Feindouno, FERDI Research Fellow, received the World Bank Group's DEC VPU Team Awards for FY21 (2021).

  • Impact of international agricultural commodity price volatility on food security. Alexandros Sarris' work examines the impact of commodity price volatility on food security. In 2016, Ferdi published the collective book Commodity market instability and asymmetries in developing countries: Development impacts and policies, edited by Sarris A. In 2022, this issue unfortunately finds resonance in the news and Rabah Arezki underlines in an interview for RFI the consequences and risks linked to inflation for the countries of the African continent. 

Achievement 2022

Fiscal sustainability of security spending in countries experiencing fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV countries). In collaboration with UNOPS, FERDI researchers have examined the fiscal sustainability of security spending in countries experiencing fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV countries). In the study's recommendations, submitted to the United Nations in March 2022, they propose a set of variables to monitor that are related to security issues in FCV countries and that may have an impact on their current and future fiscal balance, suggesting a framework for monitoring fiscal sustainability in insecurity-prone contexts.

The causes, risks and responses to soaring prices were discussed on 17 June 2022 at a "Policies for Development" conference organised in partnership with the International University of Côte d'Ivoire (UICI). Ferdi's work on this topic is ongoing.

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