La première réunion de haut niveau du Partenariat mondial pour une coopération efficace au service du développement (PMCED) marque une étape importante dans la lutte mondiale contre la pauvreté.
Plus de 1300 décideurs en matière de développement ont rejoint Enrique Peña Nieto, le Président du Mexique, Ban Ki-moon, le Secrétaire général des Nations unies, et Angel Gurría in Mexico City, le Secrétaire général de l'OCDE pour :
Les deux jours de forum comprennaient cinq sessions pléniaires et 28 sessions focus.
Multi-stakeholder Approaches for Enhancing Multilateral Organisations’ Contribution to Development Results
le 15 avril 2014, 16h15, Room 1
The Busan outcome document drew attention to the importance of providing an enabling environment for a well-functioning multilateral aid system. Specifically, it committed development partners to improve the coherence of their policies on multilateral institutions, global funds and programmes, and to make effective use of existing multilateral channels, focusing on those that are performing well (§25b). Continuing efforts along these lines is of utmost importance, as in the post 2015 landscape multilateral organisations will be called upon to play a fundamental role in delivering sustainable development goals.
There is a link between funding to multilateral organisations and their performance. Over the last decade, the multilateral aid system has seen a strong increase in earmarked funding, driven by domestic needs for visibility of bilateral ODA-funds and in part as a response to donors’ perceptions about the inefficiencies of multilateral organisations. At the same time, funding of multilateral organisations through large shares of earmarked funding has created additional transaction costs and reduced multilateral organisations’ ability to strategize and focus , impacting their overall performance and contribution to development results. In addition, while earmarked funding can be a powerful opportunity to engage in effective partnerships and fill co-operation gaps, its piecemeal contributions can also come at the cost of increased transaction costs for partners countries.
To improve the operational and strategic alignment of earmarked funding to their core priorities and promote a more effective use of overall funding, the World Bank Group and the United Nations have launched a series of reforms. These provide an excellent window of opportunity for bilateral providers to support multilateral organisations’ efforts to respond more effectively to the development challenges that our world faces. While so far some bilateral providers made concrete steps to reinforce the coherence and complementarity of their policies and practices on the use of the multilateral system, bilateral donors need to revise their funding practices in a view to provide better quality earmarked funding (more predictable, more flexible, etc).
The OECD/DAC Multilateral Aid Report has been at the forefront of documenting donors’ policies and practices in funding multilateral institutions and in making the case for more effective funding and use of the multilateral system. In a joint effort with Germany’s BMZ, the OECD/DAC has produced a study documenting the policies and practices of both bilateral providers and multilateral organisations in managing earmarked funds. The study points to some emerging good practices and suggests ways to take these good practices forward to ensure financing for the multilateral system that is sustainable and conducive to a greater impact on development.
With these figures, solid evidence and reform experience at hand, bilateral providers, multilateral organisations, partner countries, and other stakeholders can have a meaningful discussion and agree on actionable recommendations for providing and managing better quality earmarked funding that, while encouraging partnerships and keeping fragmentation at a minimum, is conducive to more and better development results. Expected outcomes:
This session will present an opportunity to deepen the conversations on the Global Partnership principles of results and inclusive partnerships. It will provide an open space for dialogue among partner countries, multilateral organisations, and bilateral providers to discuss how inclusive partnerships can be built and strengthened through multi-partner funding arrangements to multilateral organisations that support the operational effectiveness of individual multilateral organisations and are conducive to better development results on the ground.
Participants shall agree on forward-looking and actionable recommendations for improving the quality of earmarked funding, thereby supporting increased effectiveness of multilateral organisations on the ground. These recommendations shall give fresh impetus to the different stakeholders to work on the implementation of §25b and shall strengthen the GPEDC.