Addressing vulnerabilities through production transformation – Launch of the LDC5 Monitor

March 09, 2023 > March 09, 2023, Doha

Side event organised at the 5th UN Conference on Least Developed Countries (LDCs) by UNU-WIDER, in collaboration with the OECD Development Centre and the Foundation for International Development Studies and Research (FERDI).

9 March 2023 12:15 – 13:45 (Doha Time)
Qatar National Convention Centre, Doha, Qatar 

 How to support the production and structural transformation in the Least Developed Countries? 


One of the main developmental constraints of Least Developed Countries is a lack of productive capacities and dependency on commodities, which create a vicious circle because it is both a consequence and a cause of their structural and income-related challenges. This characteristic illustrates the need for structural and production transformation of these economies, i.e. the development of higher-value added products and the shift of resources from less to more productive activities within the agriculture, industrial and services sectors. 


This side event contributed to the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) by focusing on production transformation as an organising framework to tackle LDCs’ vulnerabilities. The session identified concrete actions to advance the objectives of the Programme of Action by launching a process of independent monitoring of the implementation of the programme, the LDC5 Monitor. Moreover, it delved into options for transforming the international support to better face these particular challenges, including the pressing need to reform the international financial architecture.



Special introductory remarks: Rabab Fatima, Under-Secretary-General and High Representative, UN-OHRLLS  


  • Ragnheiður Elín Árnadóttir, Director, OECD Development Centre
  • Kunal Sen, Director, UNU-WIDER
  • Patrick Guillamont, President, FERDI  

Delivering on the Doha Programme of Action: the role of the LDC5 Monitor 

  • Abdur Rahim Khan, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Commerce, Bangladesh 
  • H.E. Silvino Augusto José Moreno, Minister of Industry and Trade, Mozambique
  • Béguédouwé Paneto, General Secretary, Ministry of Development Planning and Cooperation, Togo
  • Jean-Baptiste Faivre, Ambassador of France to Qatar, France 
  •  Petra Paasilinna, Deputy Director, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland  

Chair: Annalisa Primi, Head, Economic Transformation and Development Division OECD Development Centre

Kick-off interventions 

  • Patricia Scotland, Secretary-General, Commonwealth
  • Laurence Arnould, Program specialist, OIF
  • Chris Sharrock, Vice President for UN Affairs, Microsoft

Annalisa Primi
, Head, Economic Transformation and Development Division, OECD Development Centre

The LDC5

The LDC5 Monitor is an independent partnership to monitor and assess the implementation of DPoA. It comprises both analytical and peer-learning activities and involves international organisations, research institutions and interested LDCs. This Monitor will serve to provide suggestions on how international support measures (ISM) should be adapted to better support LDCs in facing vulnerabilities and in undertaking successful production transformation. The initiative will follow and extend the one that took place a decade ago under the name of LDC4 Monitor and shed light on the implementation of several aspects of the Istanbul Programme of Action. 

All the members of the previous LDC4 Monitor and other interested partners are invited to join the launching of the new Monitor.