Unravelling the Worldwide Pollution Haven Effect

This paper tackles the “pollution haven” argument by estimating the pollution content of imports (PCI). The PCI is then decomposed into three components:(i) a “deep” component (i.e. traditional variables unrelated to the environmental debate); (ii) a factor endowment component and (iii) a “pollution haven” component reflecting the impact of differences in environmental policies. Theestimation is carried out for 1987 for an extensive data set covering 10 pollutants, 48 countries and 79 ISIC 4-digit sectors.

Grether, J.M., N. Mathys, and J. de Melo "Unravelling the Worldwide Pollution Haven Effect" Ferdi, Working paper P40, March 2012