Emigration and democracy

International migration is an important determinant of institutions, not considered so far in the development literature. Using cross-sectional and panel estimation for a large sample of developing countries, we find that openness to emigration (as measured by the natives’ average emigration rate) has a positive effect on home-country institutional development (as measured by standard democracy indices). The results are robust to a wide range of specifications and identification methods. Remarkably, the cross-sectional estimates are fully in line with the implied long-run relationship from dynamic panel regressions.Keywords: Migration; Institutions; Democracy; Development. 

Docquier, F., Lodigiani E.,  Rapoport H., and Schiff M. (2016) "Emigration and democracy" Ferdi Working paper P155, July 2016