The sustainable development goals (SDGs) that were set by the United Nations in 2015 are ambitious and call on the international community to achieve, by 2030, a development that serves current and future generations. The 2030 Agenda is, like the Paris Climate Agreement, a bet to preserve common goods. These common goods become the basis of a peace essential to decrease inequality, poverty and climate justice. This intergovernmental call, rallied by civil society actors, for standardized governance and for the common good, is nevertheless met with resistance, particularly from nationalisms in the North and the South. The latter actors are intransigent in defending the economic and social interests of their fellow citizens and consider that their development should not be constrained by the international community as it falls within their national sovereignty.
The objective of this round table was to answer questions relating to the political, social and economic challenges of sustainable development governance today but also from a historical perspective: