FERDI studies the range of measures that affect trade in goods at the regional level, in particular by comparing trade policies within the regional agreements: ECOWAS, ECA, CEMAC, COMESA, UEMOA and now the continental free trade area (CFTA). FERDI is also studying 'deep' regional integration measures that go beyond trade in goods (mobility of people, capital).
The Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) is the only multilateral agreement which has been in force since the creation of the WTO. The TFA has specific objectives which can be subject to a quantitative analysis of its progress. FERDI is trying to assess what its contribution can be in the context of economic and monetary unions.
The launch of the African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA) in 2021 has been the subject of numerous studies. After contributing to the AfDB's 2019 Annual Report, and ACET's third report on structural transformation in Africa, Jaime de Melo continues to assess the policies for implementing the FTAA, including efforts to deliver the regional public goods essential for the long-term success of the FTAA.